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今日词汇

rent

UK: [rent] US: [rɛnt]

v., 出租;租借

n., 租金;破口;裂缝 v., 撕碎;分裂;“rend”的过去式和过去分词

Wolves rent a lamb to pieces.
狼群把一只羔羊撕成了碎片。

The earthquake left a rent in the wall.
地震使墙上裂了一条缝。

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eminent

UK: [ˈemɪnənt] US: [ˈɛmənənt]

adj., 著名的;非凡的;杰出的

Even the most eminent doctors could not cure him.
即使最杰出的医生也无法治愈他的疾病。

an eminent scientist
一位著名科学家

He is eminent in the field of biology.
他在生物学领域很有名。

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crescent

UK: [ˈkresənt] US: [ˈkrɛsənt]

n., 新月;弯月;月牙

adj., 新月形的

The crescent hid itself behind the clouds.
新月藏在云后。

Crescent is a sign of the Muslim religion.
新月形是伊斯兰教的象征。

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sucker

UK: [ˈsʌkə] US: [ˈsʌkɚ]

n., 吸盘;吮吸者;根出条;易受骗的傻子

the sucker of starfish
海星的吸盘

Keep giving us your money, sucker!
继续把你的钱给我们,傻瓜!

Bananas are usually grown from the sucker.
香蕉树通常由根出条培育出来。

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calm

UK: [kɑ:m] US: [kɑm]

v., (使)平静;(使)镇定

adj., 平静的;镇静的 n., 平静

The moonlight shone on the calm sea.
月光照在风平浪静的海面上。

Calm down to find problems
静下来才能发现问题

calm down
镇定下来

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scope

UK: [skəʊp] US: [skoʊp]

n., 范围;范畴;眼界;机会

He has no scope for his ability.
他没有施展自己才能的机会。

We have to broaden our scope.
咱们应当扩大一下眼界。

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cooperate

UK: [kəʊˈɒpəreɪt] US: [koˈɑpəˌret]

v., 合作;协作

I am so happy to cooperate with you.
很高兴与你合作。

They cooperate in perfect harmony.
他们合作无间。

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applaud

UK: [əˈplɔ:d] US: [əˈplɔd]

v., 鼓掌;称赞

Let’s applaud the actors.
请为演员们鼓掌。

I applaud your decision.
我赞成你的决定。

I applaud your courage.
我赞赏你的勇气。

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appraisal

UK: [əˈpreɪzəl] US: [əˈprezəl]

n., 鉴定;评价

asset appraisal
资产评估

His appraisal of the novel is appropriate.
他对这部小说的评价非常得当。

a forthright appraisal
一个直率的评价

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allowance

UK: [əˈlaʊəns] US: [əˈlaʊəns]

n., 零用钱;津贴

I have to work to earn my allowance.
我非得工作挣零用钱。

Officials who travel on business are given the allowance.
因公出差的官员享有津贴。

I didn’t receive any allowance from my father.
我没有收到父亲给的零用钱。

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heir

UK: [eə] US: [ɛɚ]

n., 继承人;后嗣

the lawful heir
法定继承人

The craftsman taught his son and heir how to make pots.
这个工匠向他的独子传授了制罐的手艺。

the legitimate heir
合法后嗣

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exploit

UK: [ɪksˈplɒɪt] US: [ɪkˈsplɔɪt]

v., 开拓;利用;开采;剥削

n., 功绩

exploit markets
开拓市场

You must exploit all your spare time to learn English.
你必须利用一切空闲时间来学习英语。

Many countries exploit oil under the sea.
许多国家在海底开采石油。

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domestic

UK: [dəˈmestɪk] US: [dəˈmɛstɪk]

adj., 家庭的;国内的;驯养的

n., 佣人

domestic violence
家庭暴力

to hire a domestic
雇佣人

His wife does all the domestic chores.
他的妻子处理所有的家务杂事。

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unexpected

UK: [ˈʌnɪksˈpektɪd] US: [ˌʌnɪkˈspɛktɪd]

adj., 想不到的;意料之外的

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counsel

UK: [ˈkaʊnsəl] US: [ˈkaʊnsəl]

n., 律师;劝告

v., 劝告;建议

I would counsel you not to marry too young.
我劝你不要过早结婚。

Both parties were represented by counsel.
双方由律师代表。

Listen to an old man’s counsel.
听从老人的劝告。

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sticky

UK: [ˈstɪkɪ] US: [ˈstɪki]

adj., 黏的;棘手的

They put me in a sticky position.
他们将我置于一个棘手的境地。

His fingers are sticky with mud.
他的手指黏着泥。

sticky clay
胶粘土

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competition

UK: [kɒmpəˈtɪʃən] US: [ˌkɑmpəˈtɪʃn]

n., 竞争;比赛

open competition
公开赛

I won a prize in the competition.
我在竞赛中得了奖。

The competition is very keen.
竞争激烈。

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responsible

UK: [rɪsˈpɒnsəbl] US: [rɪˈspɑnsəbl]

adj., 有责任的;负责任的

be responsible for the society
对社会负责任

She is a responsible secretary.
她是一个尽责的秘书。

As a boy, I was responsible to help her.
作为一个男生,我有责任帮助她。

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critic

UK: [ˈkrɪtɪk] US: [ˈkrɪtɪk]

n., 评论家;批评者

literary critic
文学评论家

A famous critic reviewed the play.
一著名评论家对此剧进行了点评。

He has a reputation for being a forthright critic.
他是以直率著称的评论家。

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extensive

UK: [ɪksˈtensɪv] US: [ɪkˈstɛnsɪv]

adj., 广大的;广阔的;广泛的;大量的

I have benefited a lot from extensive reading.
广泛的阅读使我受益匪浅。

The house has extensive grounds.
这栋房子有广阔的空地。

He has an extensive knowledge of banking.
他具有广博的银行业务知识。

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